Principal Parts of Sewing Machine
The basic construction of any sewing machines home models is similar. The main differences are in the way controling a work of the sewing machine is operated. The old sewing machines have primitive manual control. Modern models have electronic control or by computer program.
Nevertheless, all sewing machines have principal parts that are listed below and seen in photos.
If you are beginner you need learn this getting started guide on your sewing machine having many color photos with tailors comments.
1. Reverse sewing lever.
2. Pattern selector dial.
3. Stitch length dial.
4. Bobbin winder stopper.
5. Bobbin binder spindle.
6. Spool pins.
7. Bobbin winder thread guide.
9. Thread take-up lever.
10. Thread tension dial.
11. Front cover.
13. Needle plate.
18. Extension table with accessory storage.
Extension table is the removable/free arm sewing bed that can remove if you simply 'pop' it out of place.
Using an extension table you can sew circular items, like hems and cuffs.
Note: There are also accessory extension tables you can use with your machine. Some sewing machines have more comfortable folding tables, like Juki sewing machine old model.
Bobbin winder device.
Tip: Wind thread on the bobbin at a medium speed. If you go too fast, it can stretch the thread out, making the thread more susceptible to breaks, as well as warping the appearance of your seam.
You'll notice that some of the bobbin stoppers have a little screw on the top. By slightly unscrewing, you can adjust the fullness of your bobbin.
Reverse lever or button have almost all sewing machine except for very old rare models.
Using this reverse device that make back-stitched is needed for the start and stop of every seam, for sewing any projects.
19. Built-in handle.
20. Hand wheel.
21. Power stitch.
22. Foot controller jack.
23. Free arm.
24. Presser foot lifter: A lever attached to the presser bar for raising and lowering the presser foot.
Handwheel is used to perform initial stitches manually. Flywheel is used for turn on bobbin winder device also. To turn on the winder you need press or pull out the wheel (depending on the sewing machine model).
Before sewing on sewing machine you need insert pedal plug to foot controller jack and turn on power switch.
Sewing machine foot control pedal is used for control a speed of sewing machine. Be wary, do not press the pedal sharply and don't work on high speed.
8. Presser foot release lever.
14. Presser foot holder assembly.
15. Needle clamp screw.
17. Presser foot.
There are many presser feet that you can use for performing various technological sewing operations and stitches. For example, using the zipper foot you can perfect install an invisible zipper on you skirt or dress.
Using special presser foot you can to sew automatic buttonhole etc.
28. Presser foot bar.
29. Needle bar: This is a steel rod to hold the needle at one end with the help of a clamp. Its main function is to give motion to the needle.
31. Thread guide: It holds the thread in position from the spool to the needle.
32. Tension Check Spring.
25. Bobbin case.
26. Shootle hook device.
27. Frond loading bobbin cover.
For front loading bobbins, you need remove extension table with accessory storage compartment. Then you can to reveal a flip-down cover and insert the bobbin case.
Note: Most modern sewing machines have top loading bobbin with clear clip-in cover on the needle plate.
This type of a bobbin case have most inexpensive entry-level sewing machines and old sewing machines like Singer.
English isn't my first language, so please excuse any mistakes and help correct them.
E-mail for sending is on the contact page.
Related Tutorials and Tips :
Operating Your Sewing Machine
If you are beginner you need learn this getting started guide of operating instructions and operation basics your sewing machine.
How a Sewing Machine Works
Here is the tutorial how to construct and work home model of the zigzag sewing machine.
Vertical Rotary Shuttle Hook System
Sewing machines middle and upper classes have a rotary vertical or horizontal hook system. Here you can read how works vertical rotary hook and tips for repair it.
Tips For Choosing A Sewing Machine
A few key features of sewing machines that you need to know necessarily.
Bobbin and Top Thread Problems
If your sewing machine keeps breaking top or bobbins thread this tutorial help you troubleshoot these problems.
Rolled Hem Presser Foot Tutorial
Using the rolled hem presser foot you can hem thin fabric easily. The tutorial has 10 photos with pro comments.
Tips for Using a Serger
If you have an overlock sewing machine you need learn these tips on how to use your serger. All tips are from a professional tailor.
Tips for Using your Sewing Machine
If you need to learn tips from tailor read this post. Here you find top tips and tricks how to use your sewing machine.