Four Sewing Stitches Photo Tutorial
Some sewing works you need to do without sewing machine, by hand. For hand sewing are used a lot of different stitches. But only some of them you need to be able to use. Here are five main types of hand stitches.
During sewing by hand you need use a thimble necessarily. It helps you sew the heavy fabrics or leather and save your fingers from needle pricks.
Tutorial has 30 color photos that in detail show how to sew four basic stitches by hand.
For this tutorial we will use a large eye needle and a special thick fabric. All hand stitches were made using a bright contrasting thread.
How make a basting stitch
Basting is long stitches which are used to making temporary seams, for hemming and quilting etc. The basting stitches you need to do quickly so as not to waste time on temporary work. Therefore the stitches should be long.
The distance between the stitches should be the same as the stitch length.
After passing the needle through the fabric do not overtighten the thread or fabric will pucker.
Diagonal tacks or diagonal basting
Diagonal basting is used when needed to bond multiple layers of fabric, for example in the folds.
Technique of making the diagonal stitches is very similar to the basting stitching.
This type of hand stitches is used also for making temporary horizontal stitches and hemming.
How to sew a back stitch by hand
The back stitch is usually used for creates a strong seam.
It is used as a hand-sewing utility stitch to attach definitively and strongly two pieces of fabric together.
Backstitch or back stitch is worked in a 'two steps forward, one step back'.
On the face side of fabric the stitch should lie in a neat row.
Here is the wrong side of backstitch line.
How to make an overcast stitch
The hand-sewn overcast stitch is used to finish the raw edge of garments. The hand-sewn overcast stitch is imitation of overlock seam.
Make the first loop around the edge of fabric, as shown.
Stand back from the loop on the distance of your choice and and repeat stitch.
Before you tighten the thread of this stitch you need to insert a needle into a loop, as shown.
Now you need to tighten the thread.
Repeat this step.
This stitch is easiest done when working from right to left.
You need to be patient. It is slower process.
Using this overcast stitch technique you can to finish any fabrics from thin silk to thicker fabrics like wool.
Stitch must be the same on both sides of the fabric.
Here is view along the edge of fabric.
Blind hem stitch
Using a blind stitch you can hem pants or skirt.
Blind stitch is easiest done when working from right to left.
You need insert the needle into fabric so as not to be seen it from front side. Do not pierce the fabric completely. Catch with the needle one or two fiber fabric only.
Do not overtighten the thread or it will be break when stretched.
Perfectly executed blind hem stitch should not be visible from the wrong side of hem line also.
Do not use the blind hem stitches for hemming garments that are sewn from chiffon and other lightweight fabrics.
English isn't my first language, so please excuse any mistakes and help correct them.
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