Basic Sewing Stitches Photo Tutorials
Sometimes is needed sew fabrics without using a sewing machine, by hand. For hand sewing are used a lot of different stitches. But only some of them you need be able to make. Here are five main types of hand stitches.
During sewing by hand you need use a thimble necessarily. It helps you sew the heavy fabrics or sew genuine leather and save your fingers from needle pricks.
Sewing tutorial has 30 color photos that visually and in detail show you how to sew five basic stitches by hand. These handmade seams are used most often.
For this tutorial we will be used intentionally the needle with large eye with contrast thread and sew stitches on white thick fabric. All hand stitches were made using thick bright contrasting thread.
How make a basting stitch
Basting is long stitches which are used to making temporary seams. Basating stitc is used for hemming and quilting and other sewing works. The hand basting stitches you need to do quickly so as not to waste a lot time on temporary works. Therefore these hand stitches should be long.
The distance between these hand stitches should be the same as the stitch length.
After passing the needle through the fabric do not overtighten the thread otherwise the fabric will pucker.
Hand diagonal tacks or diagonal basting
Hand diagonal tacks or diagonal basting stitching is used when is needed to bond multiple layers of fabric, for example in the folds along waist a skirt.
Technique of making the diagonal stitches by hand is very similar to the hand basting stitching.
This type of hand stitches is used also for making temporary horizontal stitches and hemming your pants and skirts.
How to sew the back stitches by hand
The back stitches are usually used for creates a strong seam. These stitches are used for sewing women's bag from leather by hand also.
It is main hand stitch that is used as a hand-sewing utility stitch to attach definitely and strongly two pieces of fabric and materials together.
Backstitch or back stitch is worked in a 'two steps forward, one step back'.
On the face side of fabric the stitch should lie in a neat row.
Here is the wrong side of backstitch line.
How to make an overcast stitch by hand
The hand-sewn overcast stitch is used to finish the raw edge of garments. The hand-sewn overcast stitch is imitation of overlock seam.
Make the first loop around the edge of fabric, as shown.
Stand back from the loop on the distance of your choice and and repeat stitch.
Before you tighten the thread of this hand stitch you need to insert a needle into a loop, as shown.
Now you need to tighten the thread.
Repeat previous step.
This hand stitch is easiest to do when begin stitching from right to left.
Note: You need to be patient. It is slower process.
Using this overcast hand stitches technique you can to finish any fabrics, from thin silk to thicker fabrics like wool.
Every stitch must be the same on both sides of the fabric.
On this photo shows how to looks this stitching along the edge of fabric, that was made by hand.
How to make Blind hem stitch by hand
Using hand blind stitch you can hem pants or skirt. If you want learn how to hem on sewing machine read here: Two ways how to use a blind hem presser foot.
Blind stitch is easiest done when working from right to left.
You need insert the needle into fabric so as not to be seen it from front side. Do not pierce the fabric completely. Catch with the needle one or two fiber fabric only.
Do not overtighten the thread or it will be break when stretched.
Perfectly executed blind hem stitch should not be visible from the wrong side of hem line also.
Do not use the blind hem stitches for hemming garments that are sewn from chiffon and other lightweight fabrics. Tips on how to hem such fabrics correct you will find here: How to hem chiffon or other lightweight fabrics.
English isn't my first language, so please excuse any mistakes and help correct them.
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