Bobbin and Top Thread Problems Troubleshooting

Bobbin and Top Thread Problems

If your sewing machine keeps breaking top or bobbins threads this tutorial help you troubleshoot these and other problems of thread tension.
See also part 1 here: Troubleshooting thread tension of sewing machines.

Top Thread

First Tip: Do not use large spools for home models of sewing machines. The sewing machine cannot pull the tread from a spool smoothly. Such coil turns with difficulty around and thread will break periodically.
Note: The big size spools are intended for industrial sewing machines and especialy is sjutable for overlock sewing machines and coverstitch machines.

The spool pin

Lift up the spool and inspect the pin. The thread turns can fall down from coil and cling on the spool pin. The top thread will be breaking.

The tensioner for winding bobbin

During sewing the top thread may inadvertently get into this tensioner and twist around it.
It is used for winding the thread onto the bobbin only.

The tensioner of top thread

Do not overtighten the upper thread. Use the average value of the tensioner.
In order not to overtighten needle thread, you must use a thin thread for the winding a bobbin and correctly select the lower thread tension.

Sewing needle

The sewing needle may be the cause of breaking the upper thread also. Take a magnifying glass and look at the needle tip. It should be sharp and straight.
Note: Change the needle before begin sewing a new project.

Never wind the thread onto the bobbin by hand

Never do not wind thread onto the bobbin by hand. The thread from bobbin case will come out in spurts that be degrade the quality of the stitching.

The screw for adjusting bobbin tension

On the bobbin case is the screw for adjusting tension the bobbin thread.
Do not to turn or loose this screw too much, do half a turn not more.
Do not adjust the bobbin tension frequently. On the screw slit can appear sharp burrs that may be another reason for the breaking of the upper thread.

The surface of bobbin case

The surface of bobbin case should be smooth and clean and not be rusty. The surface should not have such broken portions especially.

The glossy gasket into bottom bobbin case

Professional tailors often place a thin glossy gasket into bottom of bobbin case.
This trick especially come in handy for owners of old sewing machines like Singer and similar models.

The cleaning inner surface a bobbin case

Periodically clean the inner cavity of the bobbin case.

The tip of the hook must be sharp

This shuttle hook pulls the upper thread into fabric. Its surface must be perfectly clean and smooth. The tip of the hook must be sharp.

The plastic bobbins

The plastic bobbins rotate into the bobbin case more easily and silently.

Don't use the old sample threads

Don't use the old sample threads for sewing on modern sewing machines. They contain a lot of cotton fibers that makes them less durable and slippery.

Different bobbin sizes

When buying new bobbins pay attention to their sizes. Some of them may not be suitable for your model a sewing machine. They can be reason of cause various defects during a forming the stitches.

Bobbin and Top Thread Problems

Timely oiling and cleaning is the main condition for good operation your sewing machine. Note: Under the shuttle hook cover can accumulate dirts and scraps of thread. Periodically need to remove the hook cover and shuttle and clean all details with a stiff brush.

English isn't my first language, so please excuse any mistakes and help correct them.
E-mail for sending is on the contact page.

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