How To Use An Overlock Sewing Machine

How to Use an Overlock Sewing Machine

What a kind of stitch does an overlock Janome 4057 do? Learn how to use a serger and tips for choosing overlock sewing machine.

This type of sewing machines is used to overcast, or sew over and enclose the raw edges of fabric. At the same time a serger cuts the edge of the fabric.
If you want sew many garments you need this machine. With overlock sewing machine you can fast and easy to work and the edges of fabric will have a qualitative and professional look.

Now let's see what's inside the overlock Janome ArtStyle 4057; how it works and how to use this sewing machine. At the same time you learn a few features of serger. Knowing them, you will be able to choose and buy a serger.

Main difference the sewing machine and serger

The regular sewing machine forms the stitches using two threads, with a bobbin and top thread.
Domestic overlock sewing machines forms the stitch 3 or 4 threads. This is the main difference the sewing machine and serger. The second feature is method of forming stitches. The serger has looper instead the oscillating shuttle or rotary hook. It works with loopers and needle threads that form an overlocking stitch.

The loopers and needles

An overlock (also known as a serger) has a cutting blade, two loopers and two needles.

Threading a serger

When buying an overlock pay attention on loopers. Threading a serger should be comfortable. Try inserting the thread into loopers with their own hands.

Pay special attention to the left looper, threading should be comfortable and easy.
Important: threading the upper looper is always easier than the lower looper. Necessarily try to thread through the eye of the looper (arrow).

How to thread needles and loopers

Exactly follow the instructions how to thread needles and loopers. Guide how to do it correct you find on the cover a serger.

It switches work overlock on rolling hems

You do not know what this switch? Serger can be used in other ways, like adding elastics, rolling hems and creating decorative stitching. It switches work overlock on rolling hems. R - rolling hem; S - other types of stitches.

Tips for buying a serger

If you intend to buy a serger think about the following :
1. First, how often you will need this sewing machine?
2. Can you to finish the edges with another way (zigzag)?
3. If you are beginner consider buying used.
Anyway for beginner a basic inexpensive overlocking sewing machine is best choice. Learn to sew any garments with a basic model a serger. Later you can to invest in a more expensive serger.

The type of sewing needles

Note the type of sewing needles that are appropriate for this model overlock.
It is very convenient when the sewing needles a serger and sewing machine are identical.

Thread tensioner assemble

I think this thread tensioner assemble (photo) is modern, convenient and more reliable.

Thread the serger with weak tensions (0-3). Gradually adjust the tension of each thread separately, so the tension will be applied in a correct way.

Threading is very important for serger

You must know that correct threading is very important for serger. Using not suitable threads and wrong threading are the main causes of the bad stitch a serger.

The special serger spools

Using special serger spools having shape like cone. Such threads are well removed from the cone and easy to glide into the loopers and needles. But using special serger spools is not a prerequisite.

Each modern sewing machine has power switch

Each modern sewing machine has power switch.

The way to rotate the flywheel

Be sure to remember which way to rotate the flywheel. Manual rotation a hand wheel in the opposite direction may damage the overlock!

The differential feed system

All overlocking sewing machines have the feed dogs. The modern serger has a special feed dog - the differential feed system. The differential feed system has two sets of feed dogs: one front, the other one rear. This option of device a feed dog allows quality sew any knit fabrics.

The differential feed knob/lever has a numbered scale. From 0.6 to 1 - negative differential feed. 1 or N - is neutral differential feed. From 1 to 2 - positive differential feed. To understand how this works, you have to try on samples.

At the bottom on photo you look the differential feed knob. At the top is lever changing a stitch length.

The overlock Janome 4057 has 4 thread

This diagram shows you where in seam go each of the threads (an overlock Janome 4057 has 4 thread).

Sewing needles for serger Janome 4057

Sewing needles for serger Janome 4057.
Note: for your serger can be used another type of sewing needles.

English isn't my first language, so please excuse any mistakes and help correct them.
E-mail for sending is on the contact page.

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